Russia in brief
Russia – the largest country on Earth considering its surface area – occupies the eastern part of Europe and the north of Asia spanning the country’s territory stretching for over 9,000 km into 11 time zones from east to west.
The country has world's longest land border which is around 60,000 km. Among the neighboring countries are Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, North Korea, Japan and the U.S.
Due to its long history of invasions and territory occupations, Russia has a rich cultural heritage (23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites and 40 UNESCO biosphere reserves) and is definitely proud of the natural beauty represented on its vast territory - national parks and nature reserves, steep valleys and magnificent mountains, an extensive coastline, thousands of rivers and millions of lakes, among the later are the Vollga, the longest river in Europe and Lake Baikal, the world’s deepest, oldest and purest fresh water lake.
Russia is a federation and semi-presidential republic with its President Vladimir Putin as the head of state and Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev as the head of government.
Today the Russian Federation consists of 85 federal subjects, all of them having their constitutions or charters, or legislations enacted by regional parlaments.